28 March 2023
In our latest blog post, we'll talk about accounting, which is one of the most important parts of running a successful business. As a business owner, you need a firm grasp of financial jargon and an understanding of how it all fits together. If you want to make educated judgments regarding your company's financial health, you need to get familiar with the many phrases that appear on financial statements, from balance sheets to income statements. We've gathered a glossary of accounting words used by accounting firms in UAE and all around the world here that each business owner, no matter how big or small, should be familiar with. So if you're new to the field or just want to sharpen your skills, read on for some helpful advice about accounting.
This is the money your business brings in from sales, services, or other sources.
This is the money your business spends on overhead, inventory, salaries, marketing, and other costs.
The difference between your revenue and expenses is your profit. This is the money you have left over after all your bills are paid.
4) Cash Flow
Cash flow is simply the movement of cash into and out of your business. It's important to track because it shows you how much liquidity (cash on hand) your business has at any given time.
An invoice is a document that indicates what a customer owes for goods or services received. When you create an invoice, you will need to include the date, the customer's information, a description of the goods or services provided, and the total amount due. Be sure to save copies of all invoices so that you can track payments.
A bill is similar to an invoice but typically refers to larger expenses such as utility bills or rent payments. Like invoices, bills should be dated and include the customer's information as well as a description of the service rendered and the total amount due.
Credit can take many forms, but essentially it is any agreement between two parties whereby one party agrees to pay later for goods or services received now. For example, if you offer your customers 30 days to pay their invoices, then you are offering them credit.
Capital refers to the funds at your disposal for business purposes like operations and investments. In order to get this number, one must deduct one's obligations from one's assets. It may consist of cash or other liquid assets that can be quickly converted into cash. Capital is not a measure of current expenditure but of potential expenditure.
The assets of a firm include everything it has that can be sold for money. Everything from money and property to machinery and goods might fall under this category. Certain assets, like cash, are very liquid and may be quickly spent, while others, like property, require selling before they can be used (or liquidated).
A company's debts are considered liabilities. Liabilities come in a variety of forms, such as accounts payable, taxes, and accrued expenses (but not a complete list of liabilities that exist).
11) Balance Sheets
A report that details the financial standing of your company. It provides a brief overview of the company's financial situation.
12) Income Statement
The net profit for a certain time period may be determined by adding up all of a company's revenues and subtracting all of its costs, which is what an income statement does. As a measure of efficiency and a tool for analyzing earnings, it is invaluable.
Unsold goods that a business has acquired are known as "inventory." Inventory levels will decrease when products are sold to consumers.
As an asset loses value over time, this is known as depreciation. Depreciation is usually only justified for very high-value assets. Automobiles and machinery are two examples of depreciable assets. As it does not directly affect a company's financial situation, depreciation is classified as a non-cash expense and is recorded as an item on the income statement.
15) Break-Even Analysis
The break-even point is when sales of a product or service generate the same amount of money as their costs. The ability to determine your burn rate and the effect of price changes on your potential to turn a profit may be greatly enhanced by doing a break-even study.